Home prepared diet recipe example

For a Puppy (5kg Dog once grown up)

Home prepared recipe for a puppy
recipe for a puppy

Recipe for a puppy until 10 months old

(grown up weight 5kg)

The recipe for a puppy can be the same (all ingredients and proportions) during all growth, but the amount of food is not the same at all time.

You can prepare the recipe as listed and give only a certain amount as indicated below: Before becoming a 5-kg adult dog…

  • At 3 months old, this puppy shall weight 2.5kg and eat about 320g of this recipe (not all of it)
  • Reaching 4 months, the puppy shall weight 3.2 kg and eat this entire recipe each day, until 6 months old,
  • At 6 months old and to the end of growth, the puppy needs a bit less, and about 300 grams if this recipe shall be enough, until adult.
  • Once the adult size is reached, change to a recipe for an adult

In case of neutering before being adult, the energy requirement decrease. Then, in order to prevent overweight, either replace the meat by a leaner one  such as chicken breast (same quantity weighted raw), or ask a certified nutrition for a special recipe.

Weight your puppy every week, the weight shall increase, but the body shape shall stay optimal

Warning

Avoid changing ingredients without a proper advice.
Changing an ingredient for another in a recipe may affect the overall composition and balance: for instance, for the same amount, providing a fatter meat/fish will bring more calories from fat (energy) and may increase body weight by increasing fat mass. Also, different vegetables may bring different amount of calories (energy).

Growth: up to 10 months

Daily amount

Ingredients

Balanced recipe

About 350 grams
Nutrition Facts
478 kcal
33 g Protein

Click on each ingredient for amount and details

LAMB LEAN MEAT
(boneless shoulder)

150 grams
lamb lean meat for a recipe for a dog
Source of protein & essential amino acids

Use human grade meat

7,5 ml
vit'i5 orange
Source of essential micronutrients

CANOLA OIL or SOYBEAN OIL

10 ml
kitten food recipe
Source of essential fatty acids

keep the bottle in the fridge

CARROTS or PUMPKIN

100 grams
carrots for home prepared dog food
Source of fiber

White RICE

20 Grams

or
POTATO or SWEET POTATO

80 Grams
home prepared recipe for a dog - rice
Source of energy (starch)

POTATO or SWEET POTATO
boil skinless, until easy to mash.

RICE
(cooked weight is 4 times the raw weight)
weight dry, boil twice the label cooking time

Adjust the amount of food delivered daily, but keep the same proportions of all ingredients listed here, in order to keep the diet balanced.

In case you feed your puppy Half Commercial (kibble or canned petfood for puppy) and Half Homemade (with the recipe below), use Vit’i5 Half-Half instead of the Vit’i5 Orange, at the same amount to balance the home prepared half of the diet. The recipe for one day can be prepared as described, and ditributed in 2 days instead of 1. The half for the next day shall be stored in the fridge.

Balanced recipe

About 350 grams
Nutrition Facts
478 kcal
33 g Protein

Recipe for a puppy: what you need daily

LAMB LEAN MEAT
(boneless shoulder)

150 grams
lamb lean meat for a recipe for a dog
Source of protein & essential amino acids

Use human grade meat

7,5 ml
vit'i5 orange
Source of essential micronutrients

CANOLA OIL or SOYBEAN OIL

10 ml
kitten food recipe
Source of essential fatty acids

keep the bottle in the fridge

CARROTS or PUMPKIN

100 grams
carrots for home prepared dog food
Source of fiber

White RICE

20 Grams

or
POTATO or SWEET POTATO

80 Grams
home prepared recipe for a dog - rice
Source of energy (starch)

POTATO or SWEET POTATO
boil skinless, until easy to mash.

RICE
(cooked weight is 4 times the raw weight)
weight dry, boil twice the label cooking time

Adjust the amount of food delivered daily, but keep the same proportions of all ingredients listed here, in order to keep the diet balanced.

In case you feed your puppy Half Commercial (kibble or canned petfood for puppy) and Half Homemade (with the recipe below), use Vit’i5 Half-Half instead of the Vit’i5 Orange, at the same amount to balance the home prepared half of the diet. The recipe for one day can be prepared as described, and ditributed in 2 days instead of 1. The half for the next day shall be stored in the fridge.

Homemade diet: easy preparation, storage and distribution

home made dog food ingredients
1- Weight ingredients raw

Weight all ingredients as mentioned in the recipe.

weight your ingredients
2- Chop and cook vegetables and meat/fish

If using canned vegetables, only strained and rinse.
If used fresh or frozen vegetables, cook them with the meat or fish.

home prepared dog food
homemade diet for a dog
3- Prepare the mix

First, mix the small ingredients, then add the cooked ones.

Mix the Vit’i5 powder + Canola or Soybean Oil + Salt/Wheat bran if any in the recipe

mix vit'i5 and oil

Add cooked vegetables and meat/fish to the first mix.

Mix all ingredients until homogenous.

pand fried diced meat

This mix can be used for the day, or frozen and thaw in the fridge the day before the day of distribution.

frozen home prepared dog meals

It can be frozen for up to 4 weeks.

kitten food recipe
4- Storage, preservation & feeding

If any in the recipe, cook the carbohydrate, such as rice or potato, on the day of distribution, and mix to the freshly made or defrost mix.

homemade diet for a dog

The final mix can be stored in the fridge up to 24 hours.

5- Split the daily amount in 2 to 3 meals

Give the first meal freshly prepared, or a meal from the fridge: you can heat it by mixing with a bit of warm water. (Do not heat in microwave oven or pan or fry pan)

home prepared dog recipe

Do not fry pan, microwave or oven heat.

Nutritional information

WHY SUCH INGREDIENTS?

The recipe for a puppy contains

Animal Proteins

Meat, muscle, and fish filet are a source of animal protein, and provide protein and all amino acids necessary in the diet of dogs.

meat for home made pet recipe

You can cook meat of fish in order to reach 70°C for a few minutes, as food safety requires to avoid contamination problems (such as bacteria, parasites…).

The meat and fish differ by their proportion of protein and fat, and energy. So they are not all the same.
Also, some pets find some tastes more interesting/palatable/attractive than others.

Do not replace without considering the composition or asking to your vet or assess the body weight of your pet weekly.

Mineral vitamin supplement

Vit’i5 is a mineral and vitamin supplement formulated by a veterinary nutrition specialist in order to balance homemade diet. It provides the micronutrients that are lacking of in the routine dietary components such has meat+oil+vegetables+carbs.

vit'i5 nutrimentsVit’i5 has to be added to a diet each time it contains fish or meat. It has been designed in 3 products. It may be adapted depending on age and condition, and with the amount of meat/fish each day. Vit’i5 is neither seasonal nor optional.
If the diet is half homemade and half commercial, give Vit’i5 Half-half instead of any Vit’i5 recommended in the homemade recipe. Adjust to the amount of meat or fish filet to keep the same proportions Vit’i5/meat.

Warning:
Do not heat or cook Vit’i5, in order to preserve vitamins
Do not give Vit’i5 if your dog of cat eats only a complete pet food either dry or wet.

Treat

FRUITS are usually more appreciated by dogs than cats.
Fruits may represent a treat or a part of the vegetables. Dogs can eat them raw.

fruits

Better offer juicy FRUITS such as apple, peach, watermelon, strawberry, pear…
If doing so, stick to the following equivalence: 50 grams of FRESH FRUIT may subsitute 50 to 100 grams of CARROT.
(Do not offer banana or dry fruit as a TREAT, they are very rich in energy and can replace carbohydrates)

Please DO NOT REPLACE more than half of the vegetables with fruits as part of fiber source.

For example, in a recipe with 200grams of vegetables, that should not be more that 100 grams (half of 200 grams) of vegetables to be replaced by fruits. Thus so 100/2 = 50 grams of FRUIT such as fresh APPLE in this recipe.

Avoid large amounts of vitamin C-rich fruits such as kiwi fruit, orange… as large amounts of vitamin C would be metabolized in oxalic acid, excreted in urine.

DAIRY such as cheese or yogurt are also commonly shared with the pet. No problem with plain yogurt with only milk and ferments in the list of ingredients (avoid the ones with any other component added), and with plain cheese, but be very careful at the amount given, it brings a lot of calories, and 10 grams of cheese must be considered as bringing as much energy as 4 ml of Oil or 15 g of raw Rice!

BISCUITS also are ofter proposed. They also brings energy, so limit the amount, and substitute the similar amount (in grams) of raw Rice rather than add biscuit to a recipe.

Essential fatty acids

canola oil for dog recipeCanola oil, or soybean oil, is a source of essential fatty acids, omega 6 (linoleic acid) and omega 3 (linolenic acid). They may be altered by heat and sunlight.
Don’t heat or cook it, to preserve the fatty acids. Store the bottle in the fridge.
Caps of fish oil may be added to bring also long chain omega 3 fatty acids EPA & DHA, but this does not replace the canola or soybean oil. The fatty acids are different.

Fiber source

Vegetables are a beneficial source of fiber.
vegetables for dog recipe

Give all vegetables cooked, either boiled, or steamed enough to become smooth form, or strained if canned.

Zucchini is a special vegetable that can be given cooked, but can also be cut and frozen raw, and, once defrost, included in the diet without cooking.

Carrots may be substituted by broccoli, green beans, skinless pumpkin or butternut with the same weight basis. These vegetables must be cooked  enough to be easily cut or mashed.

Last, to offer a bigger amount of vegetables, 100 grams of carrots or equivalent may be replaced by 150 grams of zucchini, tomato, mushroom, asparagus, endives, all cooked well enough to be easily cut or mashed.

Complex carbohydrates (source of energy from Starch)

Starch is the complex carbohydrate contained is pasta, rice, corn, potatoes, tapioca, chick pees, lentils…
It must be cooked (water boiled) to be digestible and become a source of energy. Pets have individual and variable capacity to digest starch, linked to their genetic and epigenetic production potential of alpha-amylase.
carbohydrate for pet recipe

Make sure to boil carbohydrates, such as rice or peeled potatoes, TWICE the time it should be for people. That maximises the digestibility of the starch by pets.

Once cooked, DO NOT freeze carbohydrates as freezing-defrosting process decreases the digestibility of starch, and could induce digestive issue such as diarrhea and bloating.

In the recipe, a part of Carbs can also be replaced by other carbs or by treats, to provide an equivalent amount of calories.

Equivalent to 10 grams of raw (dry)  OAT FLAKES:

– 10 grams of PASTA or white RICE, cooked
– 40 grams of POTATO or SWEET POTATO, cooked
– 10 grams of any BISCUIT designed for cats
– 5ml (1 spoon) of peanut butter
– 10 grams of Cheese, such as cheddar CHEESE
– 40 grams of Cottage cheese (4%Fat)
– 50 grams of Pure Plain 4%Fat Natural YOGURT (such as Greek or Plain organic yogurt without additional flavours or ingredients)

Recipes for a dog

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