Home prepared recipe for a puppy

Dog feeding tips

How do I know my dog ​​is well fed?

It’s not easy to tell, because mistakes in dog feeding don’t show quickly (fortunately). Yet, if a dog has been receiving the same diet for more than a month, certain criteria can give you an idea.

A stable weight

– First, your dog’s weight must be stable.
If it is losing weight, it is because it doesn’t get enough calories (it uses more than it consumes) or that it is sick (diseases consume calories, which the dog cannot benefit. For example intestinal parasitism, advanced diabetes, cancer, etc.).
On the other hand, if it is getting fat, it is because it eat too many calories, or because it is sick (a disease can put its metabolism in storage, rather than energy consumption. For example, hypothyroidism, or Cushing’s syndrome).

– When a dog is well fed, its weight is optimal: overweight (and a fortiori obesity) reduces life expectancy (on average 2 years in dogs), and increases the risk and severity of a large number of diseases.

However, is possible to treat overweight thanks to our recipes.

small dog weighing
dog feeding tips

Muscle mass

– Then, your dog’s muscle mass should be developed and flexible: if muscle wasting is observed, particularly visible above the eyes, in the thighs and lumbar muscles, it may be related to a lack of protein in the diet or sample disease (associated with poor diet adjustment). Weight can be constant and body composition can change.

Shiny coat

– When your dog feeding is right, its coat is shiny.
The coat is constantly renewed, especially twice a year, in spring and autumn. Food has a huge impact on hair and skin.

Many deficiencies and imbalances have a direct impact too.

It is not always easy to sort out where the issue may be coming from, since many nutrients can be involved.

If the coat is pricked, dry, dull, with dandruff, … it may be due to a lack of protein in the diet, a lack of amino acids (poor quality protein), a lack of essential fatty acids (omega 6 linoleic acids, and omega3 alpha-linolenic acids, both of plant origin). The issue can also come from a lack of vitamins (especially vitamin A retinol, of animal origin, and vitamins of the B group) or a lack of trace- elements (zinc, copper, iodine, manganese) …

If the black hair turns red … it can be a deficiency in copper in and / or aromatic amino acids (phenylalanine + tyrosine), essential for the synthesis of the black pigment.

Healthy skin

– Your dog’s skin should be healthy.
If the skin is red or itches a little, …  once eliminate the problem of fleas causing itching but sometimes also inflammation due to intolerance to flea saliva, it can be due to a nutritional deficiency somewhere in your dog feeding -just as for the coat.

dog feeding tips
frequently asked questions about dog feeding

The first, invisible consequence is a drop in immunity and a decrease in the skin’s barrier role. Those allow the development of infections that would not have taken hold in optimal conditions. Skin disorders then set in, and sometimes you just see the consequences.

If the skin thickens,  or if areas of depilation around the eyes and mouth become noticable, it can be due to a zinc deficiency. Which can be the consequence of an excess of calcium (too much carcass in the diet, for example).

A lively dog

– A well-nourished dog is tonic and playful: a dog who seems weary, tired, not very reactive, can be so for medical reasons. But it can also be due to an insufficient food (then the dog loses weight), or of a diet too low in proteins and essential amino acids, vitamins, trace elements or even essential fatty acids.

Firm stools

– The stools should be firm and not very bulky. The native diet (which is sometimes called household ration), generates the production of stools of reduced volume (less than 40 grams of stools emitted per 100g of dry matter ingested, i.e. 400 to 500 grams of household ration consumed  – which comes down to 110 grams of kibble).

Diarrhea, constipation, alternating diarrhea and constipation can mean the diet is unsatisfactory in fiber content: too little or not enough. It can also mean the diet contains intrinsically poorly digestible components (overcooked proteins or oxidized fats).

Gas diarrhea, a slightly swollen belly, can be a sign of consumption of undercooked starch, or too much starch: the digestion of starch is possible by all dogs, but not necessarily in the same quantity for all of them, because not all have the same capacity to produce the enzyme which allows this digestion – amylase.

pet feeding tips

If your dog’s individual capacity is exceeded, the starch is not digested and is then fermented, which has the consequences mentioned above.

If all these signs of good health come together, then your dog’s diet is likely to be right !

Otherwise, a change to a better food quality, or more suited, should be considered.

Benefits of a household ration

The advantages of a household ration are that you can try a diet that provides a lot of essential nutrients, in a very digestible form.
However, it is also restrictive. Although we give a lot of tips and advice to make storage and preparation easier, you still have to provide several ingredients, and mix them … and give at least twice a day – for a dog (four tims daily for a cat).

well fed cat

And how do I know my cat is well fed ?

The same observations can be applied to cat feeding, although the quantities of the ingredients are a little different. In addition, as mentioned above, a cat needs a household ration split into four daily meals.

Find out more about  food transition in cats.